General Epilepsy Information for Patients
Epilepsy arises from abnormal bursts of electrical activity in the brain. This can be due to many different causes. Epileptic seizures affect 1% - 2% of the world population in a year. However, the lifetime prevalence or risk of an event in your life time is up to 8%.
Although epilepsy has been seen to develop after a person experiences severe head injury, brain infections, strokes, quite often the underlying causes of epilepsy is unknown. An important consideration in the assessment of an epileptic seizure is whether a non-epileptic or fainting attack has occurred. This is because brief loss of oxygen to the brain from fainting may cause some jerks without this representing epilepsy.
While epilepsy cannot be cured, seizures can be controlled with medication in 60% of patients. In specific cases,where a cause is identified neurosurgery may sometimes may be helpful. Changes arising from epileptic activity may be confirmed with an electroencephalogram (EEG).
Find out how an EEG test can help you.